ANTALYA GEZİLECEK YERLER | Düden Şelalesi | Gezi Rehberi | DÜDEN WATERFALLS (With English Subtitles)

Düden Şelalesi, Antalya şehir merkezine yaklaşık 10 km uzaklıktadır. Kaynağını Kepez Hidroelektrik Santrali’nden alır ve Düdenbaşı denilen noktada yeryüzüne çıkar. Düden Çayı boyunca iki kola ayrılır. Antalya’ya yaklaşık 7 km uzaklıkta olan kolu Aşağı Düden (ya da Karpuzkaldıran Şelalesi) ve Varsak’a 1 km uzaklıkta olan kolu Yukarı Düden Şelalesi’dir. Bu iki kola ayrılan şelaler Akdeniz’e dökülür.

Aşağı Düden Şelalesi, Lara yakınlarında şehir merkezine 8 km uzaklıktadır. Bu bölümü yaklaşık 40 metrelik falezlerden denize dökülmektedir. Çok yakınında Gençlik Parkı ve Karpuzkaldıran Askeri Tesisleri bulunur.

Yukarı Düden Şelalesi’ne aynı zamanda İskender Şelalesi de denilir. MÖ 334-333 yıllarında Pamfilya’yı fetheden Büyük İskender’in bu bölgeden geçerken atlarını sulattığı söylenmektedir. Yukarı Düden Şelalesi’nin bulunduğu alan 1970 – 1972 yılları arasında Devlet Su İşleri tarafından piknik ve mesire yeri haline getirilmiştir.
Düden Waterfalls are a group of waterfalls in the province of Antalya, Turkey. The waterfalls, formed by the recycle station water, are located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) northeast of Antalya. They end where the waters of the Lower Düden Falls drop off a rocky cliff directly into the Mediterranean Sea.

A group of Düden Waterfalls consists of two waterfalls, Upper Düden Waterfalls and Lower Düden Waterfalls
At the 28th and 30th kilometre markers (17 and 19 miles) of the old route from Antalya-Burdur (which goes through Döşemealtı town), two big karstic sources appear. These sources, Kırkgözler and Pınarbaşı, merge after a short flow and disappear into Bıyıklı Sinkhole. Some of the sinkholes can swallow a river or lake. In this region, the Suğla (Konya) big sinkhole and the Bıyıklı sinkhole output 30 cubic metres per second (1,100 cu ft/s). This quantity is the output of Kırkgöz and Pınarbaşı springs at inundation.

The water, which disappears at Bıyıklı Sinkhole, travels 14 km (9 mi) underground and comes out again at Varsak pit. After a very short fall, it disappears again from the other end. The water which disappears at Varsak goes underground for 2 km (1.2 mi) and comes out again at Düdenbasi, by pressure made by a syphon. The water which falls from Düdenbasi is the water coming from Kepez Hydroelectrical Complex.

A regulator built in front of the Bıyıklı Sinkhole directs the waters of Kırkgözler and Pınarbaşı into a canal to the Kepez Hydroelectric Plant, where a pressure pipe carries it to a balancing funnel and drops it over the plant’s turbines.

The water from the plant’s discharge unit is brought to Düdenbaşı again by a long canal, where it forms artificial cascades. From there the amount of water is that of a large river. Seven irrigation trenches distribute the water to land north-east of Antalya.

After Düdenbasi, the waters of Düdençay separate into a number of streams and finally, east of Antalya, cascade 40 metres (131 ft) from a platform into the Mediterranean. A park surrounds these waterfalls. They can be seen from the sea by taking a boat trip from Antalya yacht harbour.
The Düden River (Turkish: Düden Su; Ancient Greek: Καταρράκτης – Katarraktes; Latin: Catarrhactes) is a river of southern Anatolia, Turkey, the lower reaches of which traverse Düden Waterfalls, and enters the Mediterranean Sea east of Antalya.

Anciently, it was a major river of Pamphylia. Pomponius Mela describes its ancient names as being so called because it has a great fall or cataract.[1] He places the town of Perga between the Cestrus and the Catarrhactes. The Stadiasmus describes it by the term οἱ Καταρράκται, or “the Falls”. Strabo also speaks of this river as falling over a high rock.

This river, on approaching the coast, divides into several branches, which, falling over the cliffs that border this part of the coast, have formed a calcareous deposit. Through this calcareous crust the water finds its way to the sea, and the river has now no determinate outlet, unless, adds Leake, it be after heavy rains, when, it precipitates itself copiously over the cliffs near the most projecting point of the coast, a little to the west of Laara.[2] According to the Stadiasmus the outlet of the river was at a place called Masura, probably the Magydus of Ptolemy[3] or the Mygdale of the Stadiasmus may be Magydus.

The Düden River runs underground in one part of its course, which appears to be of considerable length.
География и гидрология

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AŞAĞI DÜDEN ŞELALESİ / ANTALYA’DA GEZİLECEK YERLER / WATERFALL DÜDEN ŞELALESİ DENİZE DÖKÜLDÜĞÜ YER